The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 100-707), signed into law on November 23, 1988; amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-288). The Stafford Act constitutes the statutory authority for most Federal disaster response activities especially as they pertain to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and FEMA programs.
FEMA offers a variety of disaster assistance programs with different eligibility requirements. HMGP provides funds to states, tribes, and local communities after a disaster declaration to protect public or private property through various mitigation measures. Hazard mitigation includes long-term efforts to reduce the impact of future events. HMGP recipients (states, Federally-recognized tribes, or territories) have the primary responsibility for prioritizing, selecting, and administering state and local hazard mitigation projects. Although individuals may not apply directly to the state for assistance, local governments may sponsor an application on their behalf.
Key Program Points
- HMGP funding is limited; therefore, recipients and local government officials must make difficult decisions as to the most effective use of grant funds.
- Not all projects may be selected.
- “Think about the end at the beginning” – Upon start of the funded project, the recipient and subrecipient should be mindful of the Period of Performance (POP) and federal close-out requirements.
How does HMGP work?
National Flood Insurance Program
Homeowner's Guide to HMGP
What is Duplication of Benefits and how does that affect my HMGP assistance?